Past Perfect Tense
Ditulis oleh Aan Setyawan Published 13/10/2018 edited 03/01/2019

Past perfect tense digunakan ketika ada dua kejadian di masa lampau di mana satu kejadian terjadi lebih dahulu kemudian diikuti kejadian yang lain. Kejadian yang mendahului kejadian lain menggunakan past perfect tense. Misalnya, saat saya sampai rumah, Ibu telah pergi ke pasar. Ketika situasi terjadi seperti kejadian ini maka kita menggunakan pola past perfect tense.

Baca Juga : Past Tense

a. My mother had just gone to market when I came home.

(Ibu saya baru saja telah pergi ke pasar ketika saya sampai di rumah)

b. I had finished the work when my mother knocked the door.

(saya telah menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya ketika ibuku mengetuk pintu)

d. My wife didn't want to move because she had lived in Jakarta all her life.

Baca Juga : Present perfect Tense

(istri saya tidak mau pindah karena dia telah tinggal di Jakarta sepanjang hidupnya)

Rumus past perfect tense adalah Had+VERB 3 apapun subjeknya. Berikut ini rumus lengkap beserta contohnya:

Positif Negatif Interrogatif
I had finished I hadn't finished Had I finished?
You had finished You hadn't finished Had you finished?
She, he, it had finished She, he, it hadn't finished Had she, he, it finished?
We had finished We hadn't finished Had we finished?
They had finished They hadn't finished Had they finished?