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Susah membedakan Jenis-jenis Tenses? Coba Pelajari Lewat Tabel Berikut ini!

Ditulis oleh Aan Setyawan
Dipublikasikan pada July 12th at 11:25pm
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 Pada dasarnya Tenses bisa dibagi menjadi 3 jenis yakni Present, Past dan Future dan setiap Tenses tersebut masing-masing memiliki empat jenis Tenses lagi seperti dijelaskan berikut ini.

Tenses

Penggunaan

Rumus

Kalimat

Keterangan waktu

Present

Simple

Menyatakan fakta/ kebiasaan/ kejadian/ aktifitas yang terjadi pada saat sekarang ini.

S + V1(s/es)

atau

S + are/am/is + Adj/Noun/Adv

  • He always writes a novel every night.
  • I am smart.


Always, usually, often, twice a week, never, everyday, on Monday

Continuous

Menyatakan aktifitas yang sedang berlangsung sekarang atau rencana di masa depan.

S + are/ am/ is + Ving

  • He is writing now.
  • They are writing.

At the moment, now

Perfect

- Menyatakan aktifitas yang terjadi di masa lampau yang waktunya tidak disebutkan dengan pasti.

- Menyatakan aktifitas yang terjadi di masa lampau yang masih berlangsung sampai sekarang

- Menyatakan aktifitas yang baru saja terjadi

S + have/has + V3

S + have/has + been + Adj/Noun/Adv

  • She has written since 2001.
  • They have been here for an hour.

Since, for, yet, already, so far, until now, up to present, ever since

Perfect Continuous

Menyatakan aktifitas yang terjadi pada periode waktu tertentu di masa lampau sampai sekarang.

S + have/has + been +  Ving

  • I have been writing a novel since 2010.
  • He has been writing lately.

For, since, lately, recently, all my life

Past

Simple

Menyatakan aktifitas yang terjadi di masa lampau.

S + V2

atau

S + was/were + Adj/Noun/Adv

  • She was rich.
  • You wrote a novel last year.

Yesterday, last week, this morning, two days ago, just now

Continuous

Menyatakan suatu aktifitas yang sedang terjadi di waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

S + was/were + Ving

  • He was writing at 5 am last night when you phoned.
  • They were writing at this time yesterday when you phoned.

At this time yesterday, at 5 o’clock last night

Perfect

Menyatakan aktifitas yang telah selesai di masa lampau yang terjadi sebelum aktifitas yang lain.

S + had + V3

  • I had written a short story when my mother came.
  • She was hungry after she had written a novel.

Just, already, since for

Perfect Continuous

Menyatakan aktifitas yang terjadi pada periode waktu tertentu di masa lampau.

S + had + been +  Ving

  • You were very tired because you had been writing all day.
  • Anita had been writing this novel for more than a year before she went to Beijing.

For, since

Future

Simple

-Menyatakan suatu aktifitas yang terjadi di masa yang akan datang.

-Prediksi.

S + will + V1

Atau

S + will + be + selain kata kerja

  • He will write a novel next week.
  • I will be in London tonight

Tomorrow, tonight, this weekend, soon, later, next week, next month, next year, later

Continuous

Menyatakan aktifitas yang sedang dilakukan atau terjadi di waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

S + will + be + Ving

  • You will be writing a novel tonight.
  • She will be writing at 10 o’clock.

At this time next month, at 10 o’clock tomorrow, tonight

Perfect

Menyatakan aktifitas yang diperkirakan akan sudah selesai dilakukan di suatu waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

S + will + have + V3

  • I will have written book by the end of the year.
  • He will have written a poem by 6 o’clock.

By this weekend, by the end of this week, by next month

Perfect Continuous

Menyatakan aktifitas yang terjadi pada periode waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

S + will + have + been +  Ving

  • She will have been writing a novel for three years by this month.
  • I will have been writing for 24 years by next year.

By the end of next year … for three years

 

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