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200 Singkatan dalam Bahasa Inggris

Published 05/03/2018 Last updated 09/12/2018

Langsung saja berikut 200 singkatan yang paling sering digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris. Singkatan-singkatan ini adalah yang formal. Untuk singkatan yang informal, seperti CMIIW, FYI, dan sejenisnya sahabat bisa membaca di artikel yang ini: Singkatan Bahasa Inggris Informal

  1. A&E – accident and emergency (= casualty/ ER/ emergency room)
  2. AA – (The) Automobile Association (an organisation that helps broken down drivers)
  3. ABTA – Association of British Travel Agents
  4. ACAS – Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (an organisation that helps settle disputes)
  5. AGM – annual general meeting (= shareholders' meeting)
  6. AHRC – Arts and Humanities Research Council (a funding research council)
  7. APR – annual percentage rate (a way of calculating interest rates)
  8. ASLEF – Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (a union, pronounced)
  9. B&B – bed and breakfast (a kind of cheap hotel)
  10. B&H – Benson and Hedges (cigarettes)
  11. BA – British Airlines
  12. BAA – the former British Airports Authority
  13. BAE – British Aerospace
  14. BAFTA – British Academy of Film and Television Arts (most famous for their awards, often called "the British Oscars")
  15. BAT – British American Tobacco
  16. BBC – (the) British Broadcasting Corporation
  17. BBFC – British Board of Film Classification (the organisation that decides
  18. BMA – British Medical Association
  19. BME – black and minority ethnic
  20. BMJ – British Medical Journal
  21. BNFL – British Nuclear Fuels Limited
  22. BNP – British National Party (an extreme right-wing party)
  23. BoE – Bank of England
  24. BP – British Petroleum
  25. BR – British Rail
  26. BSE – bovine spongiform encephalopathy (the medical name for mad cow disease)
  27. BSI – British Standards Institution
  28. BST – British Summer Time
  29. BT – British Telecom
  30. CAP – Common Agricultural Policy
  31. CBE – Commander of the British Empire (an award for public service)
  32. CBI – Confederation of British Industry
  33. CBSO – City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
  34. CCTV – closed circuit television (particularly common in the UK)
  35. CID – Criminal Investigation Department
  36. CJD – Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (the human version of mad cow disease)
  37. CMA – Competition and Markets Authority
  38. CND – Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (a campaign against nuclear weapons)
  39. CUP – Cambridge University Press
  40. CV – curriculum vitae
  41. CWU – Communication Workers Union
  42. DAB – digital audio broadcasting (= digital radio)
  43. DI – detective inspector
  44. DIT – The Department for International Trade
  45. DIY – do it yourself (a popular hobby in the UK)
  46. DJ – dinner jacket (= tuxedo)
  47. DLA – Disability Living Allowance
  48. DTI – the former Department of Trade and Industry
  49. DUP – (Ulster) Democratic Unionist Party
  50. DVLA – Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
  51. DWP – Department of Work and Pensions
  52. EDL – English Defence League (extreme right-wing group)
  53. meaning English for immigrants)
  54. ESRC – Economic and Social Research Council
  55. FA – The Football Association
  56. FC – Football Club (usually part of the club name)
  57. FCA – Financial Conduct Authority
  58. FCE – (Cambridge) First Certificate (in English) (a pre-Advanced level English language exam, also known as First Cert)
  59. FCO – Foreign and Commonwealth Office (the British foreign ministry)
  60. FE (college) – further education (college)
  61. FOREST – Freedom Organisation for the Right to Enjoy Smoking Tobacco (a lobbying group)
  62. FT – Financial Times
  63. FTSE – Financial Times Stock Exchange (index)
  64. G&T – gin and tonic
  65. GB – Great Britain (the UK minus Northern Ireland, so England, Scotland and Wales)
  66. GBH – grievous bodily harm (= serious assault)
  67. GBP – (Great British) pounds
  68. GMT – Greenwich mean time
  69. GP – general practitioner (= family doctor/ local doctor)/ (Formula 1) grand prix
  70. GPO – general post office (an old name for the post office, still seen on manhole covers etc)
  71. GSK – GlaxoSmithKline
  72. HBOS – Halifax Bank of Scotland (pronounced "eitch boss")
  73. HGV – heavy goods vehicle (= a lorry)
  74. HM Treasury – Her Majesty's Treasury/ His Majesty's Treasury
  75. HMP – Her Majesty's Prison/ His Majesty's Prison (used in prison names)
  76. HMRC – Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs/ His Majesty's Revenue and Customs
  77. HMS – Her Majesty's Ship/ His Majesty's Ship (used in ship names)
  78. HMV – His Master's Voice (a music company)
  79. HP – hire purchase/ HP sauce (a kind of brown sauce, similar to steak sauce)
  80. HRH – Her Royal Highness/ His Royal Highness
  81. HS1 – High Speed 1 (a rail line linking to the Channel Tunnel)
  82. HS2 – High Speed 2 (a planned high speed rail line)
  83. HSBC – Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation
  84. HSE – Health and Safety Executive
  85. IB – International Baccalaureate (a school leaving qualification that is popular in international schools)
  86. ICI – Imperial Chemical Industries (a former British chemicals company)
  87. IELTS – International English Language Testing System (a test for EFL students, mainly for university entrance and immigration purposes)
  88. IGCSE – International General Certificate in Secondary Education (the standard national exams at 16 years old in the UK and some international schools)
  89. IH – International House (a chain of language schools)
  90. IPA – India pale ale (a kind of beer)
  91. IPCC – Independent Police Complaints Commission
  92. IPPR – Institute for Public Policy Research
  93. IRA – (Provisional) Irish Republican Army (also sometimes known as the provos)
  94. ISA – Individual Savings Account
  95. ITN – Independent Television News
  96. ITV – Independent Television (the main commercial TV channels)
  97. JP – justice of the peace (another name for magistrate)
  98. (Cambridge) KET – Cambridge Key English Test (a low-level English language exam)
  99. LBW – leg before wicket (a way of getting out in cricket)
  100. LIBOR – London Interbank Offered Rate
  101. LSE – London School of Economics and Political Science
  102. LSE – London Stock Exchange
  103. LSO – London Symphony Orchestra
  104. LTA – Lawn Tennis Association
  105. LW – longwave (radio)
  106. M&B – Mitchells and Butlers (a pub chain)
  107. M&S – Marks and Spencer (department stores)
  108. MBE – Member of the British Empire (an award for public service)
  109. MCC – Marylebone Cricket Club (the organisation in charge of Lords Cricket Ground, and formerly in charge of cricket)
  110. MD – managing director/ medical doctor
  111. MEP – Member of the European Parliament
  112. MI5 – Military Intelligence, Section 5 (the counter intelligence service of the UK)
  113. MI6 – Military Intelligence, Section 6 (the foreign intelligence service of the UK, also known as SIS)
  114. MLA – Member of the Legislative Assembly (in Northern Ireland)
  115. MMR – measles mumps and rubella (injection)
  116. MoD – Ministry of Defence
  117. MOJ – Ministry of Justice
  118. MORI – Market and Opinion Research International
  119. MotD – Match of the Day (sports programme, mainly a written abbreviation)
  120. MP – member of parliament
  121. mph – miles per hour (still used in the UK, despite decimalisation)
  122. MRC – Medical Research Council
  123. MSP – Member of the Scottish Parliament
  124. NASUWT – National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers (a union)
  125. NCA – National Crime Agency
  126. NHS – the National Health Service
  127. NI – Northern Ireland (written abbreviation)
  128. NI (number) – national insurance (number)
  129. NICE – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (the agency that, controversially, decides what treatments the NHS can afford)
  130. NIESR – The National Institute of Economic and Social Research
  131. nimby/ NIMBY – not in my back yard (an attitude towards construction etc in your local area)
  132. NME – New Musical Express (music magazine)
  133. NPG – National Portrait Gallery (written abbreviation)
  134. NS&I – National Savings and Investments
  135. NSPCC – National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
  136. NUJ – National Union of Journalists
  137. NUM – National Union of Mineworkers
  138. NUS – National Union of Students
  139. NUT – National Union of Teachers
  140. OAP – old-age pensioner
  141. OBE – Order of the British Empire (an award for public service)
  142. OBR – Office for Budget Responsibility
  143. OFT – the former Office of Fair Trading
  144. OMD – Orchestral Movement in the Dark (a pop group)
  145. ONS – Office of National Statistics
  146. ORR – Office of Rail and Road
  147. OS (map) – Ordinance Survey (map)
  148. OU – Open University (a national distance learning institute)
  149. OUP – Oxford University Press
  150. PAYE – pay as you earn
  151. PC – police constable
  152. PE – physical education (= sports in school)
  153. PM – Prime Minister
  154. PMQs – prime minister's question time
  155. PPE – philosophy, politics and economics (a degree course that many leading people in UK politics have taken, most famously in Oxford)
  156. PPP – public private partnership (a common ways of funding public works)
  157. PSNI – Police Service of Northern Ireland (replacement for the RUC)
  158. PwC – PricewaterhouseCoopers
  159. QC – Queen's Counsel (a kind of top lawyer)
  160. QE – quantitative easing (an economic policy used after the 2007 recession)
  161. QPR – Queens Park Rangers (football club)
  162. quango/ QUANGO – quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisation
  163. RA – (member of the) Royal Academy
  164. RAC – the Royal Automobile Club
  165. RADA – Royal Academic of Dramatic Art
  166. RAF – Royal Air Force
  167. RBOS – Royal Bank of Scotland (pronounced "ar boss")
  168. RCA – Royal College of Art
  169. RCN – Royal College of Nursing
  170. RE/ RI/ RS – religious education/ religious instruction/ religious studies
  171. RFC – rugby football club (usually part of a rugby club name)
  172. RIBA – Royal Institute of British Architects (pronounced "reeber")
  173. RMT – National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers
  174. RN – registered nurse
  175. RSPB – Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
  176. RSPCA – Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
  177. RUC – Royal Ulster Constabulary (the former police force of Northern Ireland)
  178. SAS – Special Air Service (elite British troops)
  179. SDLP – Social Democratic and Labour Party (a political party in Northern Ireland)
  180. SFO – the Serious Fraud Office
  181. SIS – the Secret Intelligence Service (the foreign intelligence service of the UK, more often known as MI6)
  182. SNP – Scottish National Party
  183. SOAS – School of Oriental and African Studies
  184. TLS – Times Literary Supplement
  185. TotP – Top of the Pops (a long-running TV chart show)
  186. TPAS – The Pension Advisory Service
  187. TUC – Trades Union Congress
  188. UCL – University College London
  189. UDA – Ulster Defence Association (Northern Ireland paramilitary group)
  190. UDP – Ulster Democratic Party
  191. UFF – Ulster Freedom Fighters (also UDA)
  192. UK – (The) United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
  193. UKIP – The UK Independence Party (an anti-EU party)
  194. USDAW – Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers
  195. WC – water closet (= toilet, mainly a written abbreviation)
  196. WPC – woman police constable (a former police rank)
  197. WSC – When Saturday Comes (football magazine)
  198. WWF – World Wildlife Fund for Nature
  199. YBAs – Young British Artists (an artistic movement/ generation)
  200. YHA – Youth Hostel Association

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